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S&M

Bed Bugs

SM_bed_bugBed bugs and their relatives (bat bugs, swallow bugs and swift bugs) feed on the blood of humans, rats, guinea pigs, rabbits, bats, poultry, birds, and other warm blooded animals. These insects feed mostly at night when hosted are asleep, causing small, hard, swollen, white welts on the skin that become inflamed and itch severely. An infestation can be recognized by blood stains and dark spots of excreta on sheets and mattresses, bed clothes and walls as well as a sweet, musty odor like the smell of fresh red raspberries (bed bug odor).

Identification

Adult bed bugs are reddish-brown to mahogany, oval-shaped, flattened and about 1/4 to 5/8 inch long. The upper body surface has a flimsy, crinkly appearance. Mouthparts are piercing-sucking, with the three segmented proboscis (beak) fitting into a groove beneath the head extending between the front legs. The antennae have four three long, segments,thin segments and one short segment nest to the head. The wings are small, oval and stubby-not equipped for flight. The body becomes more elongate, swollen and dull red after a blood meal. Young bugs (nymphs) are nearly colorless, becoming brownish, as they mature. Eggs are white, pear-shaped, with a cap at one end and about 1/32 inch long. Adult bat bugs have longer hairs (as long or longer than the eye width) on the pronotum (top plate like covering of thorax) and the wing pads are broader. Adult swallow bugs are yellowish with long body hairs.


Life Cycle and Habits

Each female bed bug can lay about 200 eggs under favorable conditions of 70 degrees F and with regular feeding on blood. Three or four eggs are laid per day over two months and are coated with a sticky substance. Often eggs and eggshells are seen singly or in clusters in crevices where bed bugs hide. Eggs hatch in 6 to 17 days or 28 days under lower temperatures. Newly hatched bed bugs feed, when possible and molt five times before maturity. In one year, there may be three or more generations,

When bed bugs bite, they inject a fluid into the skin that assists in obtaining blood. This fluid (salivary secretion) causes the skin to become irritated and inflamed, with welts
developing. No evidence indicates they spread disease. Usually a full-grown bed bug becomes engorged with blood in three to five minutes and then crawls away to a hiding place to digest the meal. It returns to seek more blood when hungry. Adult bugs may go to two to eight weeks without food, or even up to a year.

Bed bugs sometimes are serious pests in animal and poultry houses or in laboratories where rabbits, guinea pigs or birds are kept. Initially bed bugs can be found about tufts, seams and folds of mattresses and day bed covers, later spreading to window and door casings, pictures, posters, loosened wallpaper, cracks in plaster, baseboards and partitions. They are spread in clothing and baggage, secondhand beds or furniture, bedding, laundry and furniture. They are found in old buildings, hotels, boarding houses, theaters and other dwellings.


Control Measures

Bed bugs are usually discovered in unsuspected areas such as in floor crackles, under carpets, behind loose wallpaper, behind wall pictures, in old unused stove, in stuffed chairs, in curtain seams and in bed springs. They are fast moving and usually found near the blood meal host. Look for dark spots of fecal material, bloody spots on sheets or pillowcases, cast skins, eggs, eggshells and an offensive odor. Sometimes control is difficult in homes with many cracks, crevices, loose wallpaper, etc.


Prevention

Practice sanitation by laundering bedding routinely, vacuuming the premises repairing cracks in plasters, painting walls and ceiling, rearranging furniture, and carefully inspecting clothing and baggage of travelers, if practical. Inspect secondhand beds, bedding and furniture. Caulk cracks and crevices and repair openings to eliminate bats and wild birds from the building.


Treatment

We will treat all cracks and crevices where bed bugs could be hiding, including tufts and seams of mattresses, bed frames, furniture, flooring, electrical boxes, baseboards, moldings, carpet edges and loose wallpaper. Required chemical will be used to treat wall voids and attics. We will repeat applications if bed bugs are present two weeks after the initial treatment is done, as all hiding places are hard to find and hidden eggs may have hatched into new bugs. Bed bugs in hotels, apartments and other multiple-type dwelling places may spread quickly from one unit to another requiring the services of our licensed professional pest control operator.

Contact S & M Exterminating Co. to schedule an inspection!

S&M Exterminating Company is a second-generation family business located in Woodbridge, NJ. The corporation started operating in 1964. Since then, the owners of S&M Exterminating have successfully expanded their residential and commercial service base to include the entire state of New Jersey and parts of Pennsylvania.

“We treat your property as if it were ours.”

IMMEDIATE RESPONSE TO CUSTOMER SERVICE INQUIRIES, TERMITE, CARPENTER ANT & BED BUGS SPECIALISTS, RESIDENTIAL / COMMERCIAL / INDUSTRIAL SERVICES, FAMILY OWNED & OPERATED BUSINESS, HOME INSPECTION SERVICES, REAL ESTATE INSPECTIONS, LICENSED TECHNICIANS

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Contact Us

 

 Phone
 732-636-8811

 Address
 737 St. George Ave
 Woodbridge, NJ 07095

Regions Served

 State of New Jersey

 Eastern Pennsylvania

    Why Choose S&M Exterminating Co.?

    S&M Exterminating Company is a second-generation family business located in Woodbridge, NJ. The corporation started operating in 1964. Since then, the owners of S&M Exterminating have successfully expanded their residential and commercial service base to include the entire state of New Jersey and parts of Pennsylvania.

    “We treat your property as if it were ours.”